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2012年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题

稿源: 跨考教育   2012-01-09 16:09

 

2012年研究生入学考试_每日甘肃网专题

  National Entrance Test of Englishfor MA/MS

  Candidates (NETEM)

  Section Ⅰ Use of English

  Directions:

  Readthe following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark[A], [B], [C] or [D]on ANSWER SHEET 1. ( 10 points)

  The ethicaljudgments of the Supreme Court justices became an important issue recently. Thecourt cannot_____ its legitimacy as guardian of the rule of law______justices behave like politicians. Yet, in several instances, justices acted inways that_____ the court’s reputation for being independent andimpartial.

  Justices Antonin Scalia and Samuel Alito Jr., for example,appeared at political events. That kind of activity makes it less likely thatthe court’s decisions will be____ as impartial judgments. Part of theproblem is that the justices are not _____ by an ethics code. At the veryleast, the court should make itself_______ to the code of conduct that______to the rest of the federal judiciary.

  This and other cases ______the question of whetherthere is still a _____ between the court and politics.

  The framersof the Constitution envisioned law____ having authority apart frompolitics. They gave justices permanent positions ____ they would be freeto ____those in power and have no need to_____ political support.Our legal system was designed to set law apart from politics precisely becausethey are so closely _____.

  Constitutional law is political because it results from choices rooted infundamental social ______like liberty and property. When the court dealswith social policy decisions, the law it _____is inescapably political —which is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily _____as unjust.

  The justices must _____doubts about the court’slegitimacy by making themselves _____to the code of conduct. That wouldmake their rulings more likely to be seen as separate from politics and, _____, convincing as law.

  1 A emphasize B maintain C modify D recognize

  2 A when B best C before D unless

  3 A rendered B weakened C established D eliminated

  4 A challenged B compromised C suspected D accepted

  5. A advanced B caught C bound D founded

  6. A resistant B subject C immune D prone

  7. A resorts B sticks C leads D applies

  8. A evade B raise C deny D settle

  9. A line B barrier C similarity D conflict

  10. A by B as C through D towards

  11. A so B since C provided D though

  12. A serve B satisfy C upset D replace

  13. A confirm B express C cultivate D offer

  14 A guarded B followed C studied D tied

  15. A concepts B theories C divisions D convenience

  16. A excludes B questions C shapes D controls

  17. A dismissed B released C ranked D distorted

  18. A suppress B exploit C address D ignore

  19. A accessible B. amiable C agreeable D accountable

  20. A by all means B at all costs C in a word D as a result

  Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing[A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET1. (40 points)

  Text 2

  TEXT2

  Pretty in pink: adult women do not remember being so obsessedwith the colour, yet it is pervasive in our young girls’ lives. It is not thatpink intrinsically bad, but it is a tiny slice of the rainbow and, thoughit may celebrate girlhood in one way, it also repeatedly and firmly fused girls’identity to appearance. Then it presents that connection, even amongtwo-year-olds, between girls as not only innocent but as evidence of innocence.Looking around, despaired at the singular lack of imagination about girls’ livesand interests.

  Girls' attraction to pink may seem unavoidable, somehowencoded in their DNA, but according to Jo Paoletti, an associate professor ofAmerican Studies, it's not. Children were not colour-coded at all until theearly 20th century: in the era before domestic washing machines all babies worewhite as a practical matter, since the only way of getting clothes clean was toboil them. What's more, both boys and girls wore what were thought of asgender-neutral dresses. When nursery colours were introduced, pink was actuallyconsidered the more masculine colour, a pastel version of red, which wasassociated with strength. Blue, with its intimations of the Virgin Mary,constancy and faithfulness, symbolised femininity. It was not until themid-1980s, when amplifying age and sex differences became a dominant children'smarketing strategy, that pink fully came into its own, when it began to seeminnately attractive to girls, part of what defined them as female, at least forthe first few critical years.

  I had not realised how profoundly marketing trends dictatedour perception of what is natural to kids, including our core beliefs abouttheir psychological development. Take the toddler. I assumed that phase wassomething experts developed after years of research into children's behaviour:wrong. Turns out, according to Daniel Cook, a historian of childhoodconsumerism, it was popularised as a marketing gimmick by clothing manufacturersin the 1930s.

  Trade publicationscounselled department stores that, in order to increase sales, they shouldcreate a "third stepping stone" between infant wear and older kids' clothes. Itwas only after "toddler" became common shoppers' term that it evolved into abroadly accepted developmental stage. Splitting kids, or adults, intoever-tinier categories has proved a sure-fire way to boost profits. And one ofthe easiest ways to segment a market is to magnify gender differences – orinvent them where they did not previously exist.

  26 By saying "it is ... The rainbow"(line 3, Para1), the author means pink _______.

  A should not be the sole representation of girlhood

  B should not be associated with girls' innocence

  C cannot explain girls' lack of imagination

  D cannot influence girls' lives and interests

  27 According to Paragraph 2, which ofthe following is true of colours?

  A Colors are encoded in girls' DNA

  B Blue used to be regarded as the colorfor girls

  C Pink used to be a neutral color insymbolizing genders

  D White is preferred by babies

  28 The author suggests that ourperception of children's psychological devotement was much influenced by________.

  [A] the marketing of products forchildren

  [B] the observation of children's nature

  [C] researches into children's behavior

  [D] studies of childhood consumption

  29. We may learn from Paragraph 4 thatdepartment stores were advised ________.

  A focuses on infant wear and older kids' clothes

  B attach equal importance to different genders

  C classify consumers into smaller groups

  D create some common shoppers' terms

  30. it can be concluded that girl'sattraction to pink seems to be _____.

  A clearly explained by their inborntendency

  B fully understood by clothingmanufacturers

  C mainly imposed by profit-drivenbusinessmen

  D well interpreted by psychologicalexperts

  Text 3

  31.

  32.

  33.

  34.

  35.

  Text 4

  36.

  37.

  38.

  39.

  40.

  Part B

  Directions:

  Forquestions 41-45, choose the most suitable paragraphs from the list A-G and fillthem into the numbered boxes to form a coherent text. Paragraph E has beencorrectly placed. There is one paragraph which does not fit in with the text.Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. ( 10 points)

  Part C

  Directions:

  Readthe following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments intoChinese. Your translation should be written clearly on ANSWER SHEET 2. ( 10points)

  SectionⅢ Writing

  Part A

  51.Directions:

  。。。。。。。

  Youshould write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Donot sign your own name at the end of the notice. Use "Postgraduates' Association"instead. ( 10 points)

  Part B

  52.Directions:

  Writean essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, youshould

  1) describe the picture briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and

  3) give your comments.

  YYou should write neatly on answer sheet 2.

  来源:跨考教育

    
编辑: 吴娟萍
 
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